The 9th and especially the 10th century marked a transition in that Sufi teachings were now more systematically explicated through the written medium. Food [purchased by] one dirham would suffice him for a year. Kazi Publications, , For brief analyses of particular aspects of his thought, see W. Perseus Books, , 37— Brill, , 22— Brill, , —

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Albany, The authorship of the work, however, remains a question of some dispute.

Qoot Ul Qaloob 1

SUNY,— The Oldest Persian Treatise on Sufism, trans. One gets the auloob he has simply strung together various sayings and divided them by subject headings.

Brill,22— He was accused of being a philosopher and an alchemist, as two works on alchemy are attributed to him. Brill,45— Quloobb [purchased by] one dirham would suffice him for quwwat ul quloob year. As for the circumstances which forced him to renounce preaching in Baghdad following his sermon, the biographers simply mention it and do not go into details.

Qoot ul Quloob – Faiz-e-Attar

Kazi Publications, Joseph van Ess has noted that the exact nature of the historical episode remains unclear, and that the precise motives for the persecution remain difficult to determine. From the perspective of many of the Sufis themselves, they started to speak of quwwat ul quloob about which their predecessors had remained silent,9 and faced the consequences for their provocative claims. University of Notre Dame Press,— The frequent repetition makes it clear that the later works relied on earlier ones.


Abdel-Kader, Writings of Junaid, The Formative Period, 25—26, as well as his sources. An Unnatural History, New York: Click here to sign up.

Quwwat ul Quloob

He turns the quolob around by contending that the religious establishment itself has degenerated from the time of the Prophet and deviated from his teachings, and that it is the Sufis who most perfectly embody the Prophetic heritage. This reached an extent, as we saw earlier, where he relied solely on eating wild herbs.

Perseus Books,37— Most of the work simply consists of Sufi apothegms classified by subject headings. Such knowledge however is only possible by surrendering oneself to the taxing demands of the inner life. The Formative Period, Walter De Gruyter, Thirteen Centuries of Controversies and Polemics, eds. Thirteen Centuries of Quwwat ul quloob and Polemics, ed.

For the broader religious significance of fasting and hunger, see Sharman A. Franz Steiner, State University Press, ], 4many of which would be alien to more normative expressions of Sufism. The sources tend to 69 confuse the father and the son.


Helmut Ritter Wies- baden: Later in his life when he took up residence in Mecca, he was forced to leave after a little more than a decade by the local governor because of his teachings. The three mentioned texts are the only extant ones dealing comprehensively with Sufi teachings.